How to extend Wi-Fi to another floor

This article explains how to extend Wifi to another floor using two different options using power line extenders and by extending the network using ethernet cables.

There might be instances where you need to extend your Wifi at home or office to a different floor.

The following explains two options in detail with the necessary components for a common scenario where the main router is on the ground floor but the floor above that is not recieving Wi-FI.

How to extend Wi-Fi to another floor using power line adapters

Power Line adapters is an ideal choice for extending the Wi-Fi on the ground floor to the first floor. Power Line adapters comes in pairs as shown in the below diagram.

This device is specifically used to solve the above problem of extending the Wif-Signal on the ground floor to the second floor.

In this scenario, one power line adapter is connected to a power outlet on the ground floor and the second adpater to a power outlet on the first floor. The main router is connected to the adapter on the ground floor using an ethernet cable.

The device which needs connectivity on the first floor is connected to the second Power Line adapter using an ethernet cable. This could be your laptop, PC etc.

Power line adapters use the power line for creating a physical network between the two floors. It is an effective way to extend the Wi-Fi to a different floor.

How to extend Wi-Fi to another floor using ethernet cable

In this method, you would need to extend the cabling from the ground floor to the first floor. The distance between the floors have to be calculated and the Ethernet cable purchased for the required distance.

In addition to the ethernet cable, you may need to purchase additional networking components like RJ 45 outlet, patch chords. A cable technician would help you identify and setup the right components.

The cable can then be terminated on the first floor with the necessary RJ 45 outlet, where the device which needs connectivity can be connected using ethernet cable.

The ground floor would also have a RJ 45 outlet , where the router would be connected.

FAQ

1. Which of the above two options would be better.

This would be a personal choice. When Power Line adapters are used , the network can be setup faster than the second option.

When the second option, which is use of ethernet cable , the structured cabling work has to be done. This would be time consuming. Also many building owners may not permit this as it may require drilling and other work to be performed.

2. I have multiple devices which needs to be connected to the first floor. Will this setup work.

In this scenario, you can purchase a Wireless access point. The access point can be connected to the ethernet cable, which is connected to the power line adapter on the first floor.

In case your are using the second option, the access point can be connected to the RJ 45 outlet on the first floor.

Once connected, the access point can be configured with appropriate Wi-Fi and security parameters to which all the devices requiring connectivity can connect and gain access.

3. Which of the above two options would be a cost effective one.

A pair of TP-LINK power line adapters would cost you less that $100. For structured cabling , you may need to hire a cable technician and the materials required for cabling. This would be more expensive and time consuming than power line adapters.

4. How do I buy a power line adapter

Power line adapters are manufactured by vendors like Tenda, TP-LINK, netgear etc. You can check out for deals on Amazon here – Power Line adapter

Check out our – Home Networking Guide. The ebook explains different case studies and solutions which can be used to setup and configure your home network.